artk
Thu, Mar 07, 2019 12:12

Salt's low use reduces chronic disease risk

media

A report released Tuesday by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine ties the recommended limit on sodium to a reduced risk of chronic disease. 

It can be hidden in bread, pizza, soup and other packaged foods and restaurant meals. 

Now, advice to watch out for salt is coming with a more specific reason.

A report released Tuesday by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine ties the recommended limit on sodium to a reduced risk of chronic disease. 

The report, which is expected to serve as a guide for policymakers, says the updated guidance is meant to also convey that cutting back on salt can reduce risk of cardiovascular disease, even if people are still above the recommended limit of 2,300 mg a day for most adults.

Previously, the recommended limit was based on a “tolerable upper intake level,” a threshold experts use to indicate a variety of potential bad effects. 

Now, the report says the upper intake level will indicate the threshold for potential toxicity. 

It says there’s not enough evidence to set such a threshold for sodium.

It’s the first dietary recommendation from the National Academies for the new category of reduced chronic disease risk, according to the report, but other nutrients may be similarly re-evaluated. 

Otherwise, the report mostly reinforces existing recommendations, with some tweaks. 

For example, it said there’s no longer enough evidence that people who are 51 and older need less salt than other adults.

Advice on potassium, which is found in foods including bananas and potatoes, was also adjusted to generally lower the amounts considered adequate for healthy individuals.

The report was sponsored by federal agencies including the U.S. Department of Agriculture, which oversees the government’s dietary guidelines.

newsbangladesh.com/nbd

Whoops! There was an error.
ErrorException (E_WARNING)
file_put_contents(): Only 0 of 246 bytes written, possibly out of free disk space ErrorException thrown with message "file_put_contents(): Only 0 of 246 bytes written, possibly out of free disk space" Stacktrace: #7 ErrorException in /var/www/newsbd/newsbangladesh/vendor/laravel/framework/src/Illuminate/Filesystem/Filesystem.php:122 #6 file_put_contents in /var/www/newsbd/newsbangladesh/vendor/laravel/framework/src/Illuminate/Filesystem/Filesystem.php:122 #5 Illuminate\Filesystem\Filesystem:put in /var/www/newsbd/newsbangladesh/vendor/laravel/framework/src/Illuminate/Session/FileSessionHandler.php:83 #4 Illuminate\Session\FileSessionHandler:write in /var/www/newsbd/newsbangladesh/vendor/laravel/framework/src/Illuminate/Session/Store.php:129 #3 Illuminate\Session\Store:save in /var/www/newsbd/newsbangladesh/vendor/laravel/framework/src/Illuminate/Session/Middleware/StartSession.php:87 #2 Illuminate\Session\Middleware\StartSession:terminate in /var/www/newsbd/newsbangladesh/vendor/laravel/framework/src/Illuminate/Foundation/Http/Kernel.php:218 #1 Illuminate\Foundation\Http\Kernel:terminateMiddleware in /var/www/newsbd/newsbangladesh/vendor/laravel/framework/src/Illuminate/Foundation/Http/Kernel.php:189 #0 Illuminate\Foundation\Http\Kernel:terminate in /var/www/newsbd/index.php:60
7
ErrorException
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Filesystem
/
Filesystem.php
122
6
file_put_contents
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Filesystem
/
Filesystem.php
122
5
Illuminate
\
Filesystem
\
Filesystem
put
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Session
/
FileSessionHandler.php
83
4
Illuminate
\
Session
\
FileSessionHandler
write
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Session
/
Store.php
129
3
Illuminate
\
Session
\
Store
save
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Session
/
Middleware
/
StartSession.php
87
2
Illuminate
\
Session
\
Middleware
\
StartSession
terminate
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Foundation
/
Http
/
Kernel.php
218
1
Illuminate
\
Foundation
\
Http
\
Kernel
terminateMiddleware
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Foundation
/
Http
/
Kernel.php
189
0
Illuminate
\
Foundation
\
Http
\
Kernel
terminate
/
var
/
www
/
newsbd
/
index.php
60
/
var
/
www
/
newsbd
/
newsbangladesh
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Filesystem
/
Filesystem.php
     *
     * @param  string  $path
     * @return string
     */
    public function hash($path)
    {
        return md5_file($path);
    }
 
    /**
     * Write the contents of a file.
     *
     * @param  string  $path
     * @param  string  $contents
     * @param  bool  $lock
     * @return int
     */
    public function put($path, $contents, $lock = false)
    {
        return file_put_contents($path, $contents, $lock ? LOCK_EX : 0);
    }
 
    /**
     * Prepend to a file.
     *
     * @param  string  $path
     * @param  string  $data
     * @return int
     */
    public function prepend($path, $data)
    {
        if ($this->exists($path)) {
            return $this->put($path, $data.$this->get($path));
        }
 
        return $this->put($path, $data);
    }
 
    /**
     * Append to a file.
Arguments
  1. "file_put_contents(): Only 0 of 246 bytes written, possibly out of free disk space"
    
/
var
/
www
/
newsbd
/
newsbangladesh
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Filesystem
/
Filesystem.php
     *
     * @param  string  $path
     * @return string
     */
    public function hash($path)
    {
        return md5_file($path);
    }
 
    /**
     * Write the contents of a file.
     *
     * @param  string  $path
     * @param  string  $contents
     * @param  bool  $lock
     * @return int
     */
    public function put($path, $contents, $lock = false)
    {
        return file_put_contents($path, $contents, $lock ? LOCK_EX : 0);
    }
 
    /**
     * Prepend to a file.
     *
     * @param  string  $path
     * @param  string  $data
     * @return int
     */
    public function prepend($path, $data)
    {
        if ($this->exists($path)) {
            return $this->put($path, $data.$this->get($path));
        }
 
        return $this->put($path, $data);
    }
 
    /**
     * Append to a file.
Arguments
  1. "/var/www/newsbd/newsbangladesh/storage/framework/sessions/SB0LdKp8CKaJJOKAyoNYzFpgaOSQJ0izWFFhnJUu"
    
  2. "a:3:{s:6:"_token";s:40:"7h7Ec4Ffk6479IEuDiCPChDB2hrY8vuvgw2V4661";s:9:"_previous";a:1:{s:3:"url";s:88:"http://newsbangladesh.com/news/en/85344/Salt%27s-low-use-reduces-risk-of-chronic-disease";}s:6:"_flash";a:2:{s:3:"old";a:0:{}s:3:"new";a:0:{}}}"
    
  3. 2
    
/
var
/
www
/
newsbd
/
newsbangladesh
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Session
/
FileSessionHandler.php
    /**
     * {@inheritdoc}
     */
    public function read($sessionId)
    {
        if ($this->files->exists($path = $this->path.'/'.$sessionId)) {
            if (filemtime($path) >= Carbon::now()->subMinutes($this->minutes)->getTimestamp()) {
                return $this->files->get($path, true);
            }
        }
 
        return '';
    }
 
    /**
     * {@inheritdoc}
     */
    public function write($sessionId, $data)
    {
        $this->files->put($this->path.'/'.$sessionId, $data, true);
 
        return true;
    }
 
    /**
     * {@inheritdoc}
     */
    public function destroy($sessionId)
    {
        $this->files->delete($this->path.'/'.$sessionId);
 
        return true;
    }
 
    /**
     * {@inheritdoc}
     */
    public function gc($lifetime)
    {
        $files = Finder::create()
Arguments
  1. "/var/www/newsbd/newsbangladesh/storage/framework/sessions/SB0LdKp8CKaJJOKAyoNYzFpgaOSQJ0izWFFhnJUu"
    
  2. "a:3:{s:6:"_token";s:40:"7h7Ec4Ffk6479IEuDiCPChDB2hrY8vuvgw2V4661";s:9:"_previous";a:1:{s:3:"url";s:88:"http://newsbangladesh.com/news/en/85344/Salt%27s-low-use-reduces-risk-of-chronic-disease";}s:6:"_flash";a:2:{s:3:"old";a:0:{}s:3:"new";a:0:{}}}"
    
  3. true
    
/
var
/
www
/
newsbd
/
newsbangladesh
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Session
/
Store.php
     *
     * @param  string  $data
     * @return string
     */
    protected function prepareForUnserialize($data)
    {
        return $data;
    }
 
    /**
     * Save the session data to storage.
     *
     * @return bool
     */
    public function save()
    {
        $this->ageFlashData();
 
        $this->handler->write($this->getId(), $this->prepareForStorage(
            serialize($this->attributes)
        ));
 
        $this->started = false;
    }
 
    /**
     * Prepare the serialized session data for storage.
     *
     * @param  string  $data
     * @return string
     */
    protected function prepareForStorage($data)
    {
        return $data;
    }
 
    /**
     * Age the flash data for the session.
     *
     * @return void
Arguments
  1. "SB0LdKp8CKaJJOKAyoNYzFpgaOSQJ0izWFFhnJUu"
    
  2. "a:3:{s:6:"_token";s:40:"7h7Ec4Ffk6479IEuDiCPChDB2hrY8vuvgw2V4661";s:9:"_previous";a:1:{s:3:"url";s:88:"http://newsbangladesh.com/news/en/85344/Salt%27s-low-use-reduces-risk-of-chronic-disease";}s:6:"_flash";a:2:{s:3:"old";a:0:{}s:3:"new";a:0:{}}}"
    
/
var
/
www
/
newsbd
/
newsbangladesh
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Session
/
Middleware
/
StartSession.php
        if ($this->sessionConfigured()) {
            $this->storeCurrentUrl($request, $session);
 
            $this->addCookieToResponse($response, $session);
        }
 
        return $response;
    }
 
    /**
     * Perform any final actions for the request lifecycle.
     *
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request  $request
     * @param  \Symfony\Component\HttpFoundation\Response  $response
     * @return void
     */
    public function terminate($request, $response)
    {
        if ($this->sessionHandled && $this->sessionConfigured() && ! $this->usingCookieSessions()) {
            $this->manager->driver()->save();
        }
    }
 
    /**
     * Start the session for the given request.
     *
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request  $request
     * @return \Illuminate\Contracts\Session\Session
     */
    protected function startSession(Request $request)
    {
        return tap($this->getSession($request), function ($session) use ($request) {
            $session->setRequestOnHandler($request);
 
            $session->start();
        });
    }
 
    /**
     * Get the session implementation from the manager.
/
var
/
www
/
newsbd
/
newsbangladesh
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Foundation
/
Http
/
Kernel.php
     * @return void
     */
    protected function terminateMiddleware($request, $response)
    {
        $middlewares = $this->app->shouldSkipMiddleware() ? [] : array_merge(
            $this->gatherRouteMiddleware($request),
            $this->middleware
        );
 
        foreach ($middlewares as $middleware) {
            if (! is_string($middleware)) {
                continue;
            }
 
            list($name) = $this->parseMiddleware($middleware);
 
            $instance = $this->app->make($name);
 
            if (method_exists($instance, 'terminate')) {
                $instance->terminate($request, $response);
            }
        }
    }
 
    /**
     * Gather the route middleware for the given request.
     *
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request  $request
     * @return array
     */
    protected function gatherRouteMiddleware($request)
    {
        if ($route = $request->route()) {
            return $this->router->gatherRouteMiddleware($route);
        }
 
        return [];
    }
 
    /**
Arguments
  1. Request {#42
      #json: null
      #convertedFiles: null
      #userResolver: Closure {#339
        class: "Illuminate\Auth\AuthServiceProvider"
        this: AuthServiceProvider {#32 …}
        parameters: {
          $guard: {
            default: null
          }
        }
        use: {
          $app: Application {#2 …}
        }
      }
      #routeResolver: Closure {#352
        class: "Illuminate\Routing\Router"
        this: Router {#25 …}
        use: {
          $route: Route {#162 …}
        }
      }
      +attributes: ParameterBag {#44}
      +request: ParameterBag {#50}
      +query: ParameterBag {#50}
      +server: ServerBag {#46}
      +files: FileBag {#47}
      +cookies: ParameterBag {#45}
      +headers: HeaderBag {#48}
      #content: null
      #languages: null
      #charsets: null
      #encodings: null
      #acceptableContentTypes: array:4 [
        0 => "text/html"
        1 => "application/xhtml+xml"
        2 => "application/xml"
        3 => "*/*"
      ]
      #pathInfo: "/news/en/85344/Salt%27s-low-use-reduces-risk-of-chronic-disease"
      #requestUri: "/news/en/85344/Salt%27s-low-use-reduces-risk-of-chronic-disease"
      #baseUrl: ""
      #basePath: null
      #method: "GET"
      #format: null
      #session: Store {#400}
      #locale: null
      #defaultLocale: "en"
      -isHostValid: true
      -isForwardedValid: true
      basePath: ""
      format: "html"
    }
    
  2. Response {#463}
    
/
var
/
www
/
newsbd
/
newsbangladesh
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Foundation
/
Http
/
Kernel.php
     */
    protected function dispatchToRouter()
    {
        return function ($request) {
            $this->app->instance('request', $request);
 
            return $this->router->dispatch($request);
        };
    }
 
    /**
     * Call the terminate method on any terminable middleware.
     *
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request  $request
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Response  $response
     * @return void
     */
    public function terminate($request, $response)
    {
        $this->terminateMiddleware($request, $response);
 
        $this->app->terminate();
    }
 
    /**
     * Call the terminate method on any terminable middleware.
     *
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request  $request
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Response  $response
     * @return void
     */
    protected function terminateMiddleware($request, $response)
    {
        $middlewares = $this->app->shouldSkipMiddleware() ? [] : array_merge(
            $this->gatherRouteMiddleware($request),
            $this->middleware
        );
 
        foreach ($middlewares as $middleware) {
            if (! is_string($middleware)) {
Arguments
  1. Request {#42
      #json: null
      #convertedFiles: null
      #userResolver: Closure {#339
        class: "Illuminate\Auth\AuthServiceProvider"
        this: AuthServiceProvider {#32 …}
        parameters: {
          $guard: {
            default: null
          }
        }
        use: {
          $app: Application {#2 …}
        }
      }
      #routeResolver: Closure {#352
        class: "Illuminate\Routing\Router"
        this: Router {#25 …}
        use: {
          $route: Route {#162 …}
        }
      }
      +attributes: ParameterBag {#44}
      +request: ParameterBag {#50}
      +query: ParameterBag {#50}
      +server: ServerBag {#46}
      +files: FileBag {#47}
      +cookies: ParameterBag {#45}
      +headers: HeaderBag {#48}
      #content: null
      #languages: null
      #charsets: null
      #encodings: null
      #acceptableContentTypes: array:4 [
        0 => "text/html"
        1 => "application/xhtml+xml"
        2 => "application/xml"
        3 => "*/*"
      ]
      #pathInfo: "/news/en/85344/Salt%27s-low-use-reduces-risk-of-chronic-disease"
      #requestUri: "/news/en/85344/Salt%27s-low-use-reduces-risk-of-chronic-disease"
      #baseUrl: ""
      #basePath: null
      #method: "GET"
      #format: null
      #session: Store {#400}
      #locale: null
      #defaultLocale: "en"
      -isHostValid: true
      -isForwardedValid: true
      basePath: ""
      format: "html"
    }
    
  2. Response {#463}
    
/
var
/
www
/
newsbd
/
index.php
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Run The Application
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
|
| Once we have the application, we can handle the incoming request
| through the kernel, and send the associated response back to
| the client's browser allowing them to enjoy the creative
| and wonderful application we have prepared for them.
|
*/
 
$kernel = $app->make(Illuminate\Contracts\Http\Kernel::class);
 
$response = $kernel->handle(
    $request = Illuminate\Http\Request::capture()
);
 
$response->send();
 
$kernel->terminate($request, $response);
 
Arguments
  1. Request {#42
      #json: null
      #convertedFiles: null
      #userResolver: Closure {#339
        class: "Illuminate\Auth\AuthServiceProvider"
        this: AuthServiceProvider {#32 …}
        parameters: {
          $guard: {
            default: null
          }
        }
        use: {
          $app: Application {#2 …}
        }
      }
      #routeResolver: Closure {#352
        class: "Illuminate\Routing\Router"
        this: Router {#25 …}
        use: {
          $route: Route {#162 …}
        }
      }
      +attributes: ParameterBag {#44}
      +request: ParameterBag {#50}
      +query: ParameterBag {#50}
      +server: ServerBag {#46}
      +files: FileBag {#47}
      +cookies: ParameterBag {#45}
      +headers: HeaderBag {#48}
      #content: null
      #languages: null
      #charsets: null
      #encodings: null
      #acceptableContentTypes: array:4 [
        0 => "text/html"
        1 => "application/xhtml+xml"
        2 => "application/xml"
        3 => "*/*"
      ]
      #pathInfo: "/news/en/85344/Salt%27s-low-use-reduces-risk-of-chronic-disease"
      #requestUri: "/news/en/85344/Salt%27s-low-use-reduces-risk-of-chronic-disease"
      #baseUrl: ""
      #basePath: null
      #method: "GET"
      #format: null
      #session: Store {#400}
      #locale: null
      #defaultLocale: "en"
      -isHostValid: true
      -isForwardedValid: true
      basePath: ""
      format: "html"
    }
    
  2. Response {#463}
    

Environment & details:

empty
empty
empty
empty
empty
Key Value
REDIRECT_STATUS
"200"
HTTP_USER_AGENT
"CCBot/2.0 (https://commoncrawl.org/faq/)"
HTTP_ACCEPT
"text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8"
HTTP_ACCEPT_LANGUAGE
"en-US,en;q=0.5"
HTTP_IF_MODIFIED_SINCE
"Tue, 02 Jun 2020 05:34:23 GMT"
HTTP_ACCEPT_ENCODING
"br,gzip"
HTTP_HOST
"newsbangladesh.com"
HTTP_CONNECTION
"Keep-Alive"
PATH
"/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/bin"
SERVER_SIGNATURE
"<address>Apache/2.4.29 (Ubuntu) Server at newsbangladesh.com Port 80</address>\n"
SERVER_SOFTWARE
"Apache/2.4.29 (Ubuntu)"
SERVER_NAME
"newsbangladesh.com"
SERVER_ADDR
"172.31.19.55"
SERVER_PORT
"80"
REMOTE_ADDR
"3.237.205.144"
DOCUMENT_ROOT
"/var/www/newsbd"
REQUEST_SCHEME
"http"
CONTEXT_PREFIX
""
CONTEXT_DOCUMENT_ROOT
"/var/www/newsbd"
SERVER_ADMIN
"webmaster@localhost"
SCRIPT_FILENAME
"/var/www/newsbd/index.php"
REMOTE_PORT
"44476"
REDIRECT_URL
"/news/en/85344/Salt's-low-use-reduces-risk-of-chronic-disease"
GATEWAY_INTERFACE
"CGI/1.1"
SERVER_PROTOCOL
"HTTP/1.1"
REQUEST_METHOD
"GET"
QUERY_STRING
""
REQUEST_URI
"/news/en/85344/Salt%27s-low-use-reduces-risk-of-chronic-disease"
SCRIPT_NAME
"/index.php"
PHP_SELF
"/index.php"
REQUEST_TIME_FLOAT
1610853931.967
REQUEST_TIME
1610853931
empty
0. Whoops\Handler\PrettyPageHandler